Saturday, July 7, 2007

Basic Radio Control Decoder

OP-Amp "a" amplifies the incoming pulses from the receiver. This stage is self biassed and may be connected directly to the output of a ZN414Z, ZN416E or any other output with between 0 to +6vDC standing potential. If the output of the receiver is capacitively coupled, has a standing negative DC potential or is DC grounded then couple the signal in via a 10nF capacitor and connect a high value resistor (470K - 2M2) between the two points marked with an "X". The output of this stage should be a near perfect square-wave. This square-wave is used to clock the channel counter and "top-up" the charge of a capacitor.
OP-Amp "b" compares the charge on the "top-up" capacitor. During the 4mS silent period this capacitor will discharge causing OP-Amp "b" to reset the counter. Note that the 4017 output 0 is a reset output and the channel outputs are 1 to 6 (up to 9). The output signal from each channel terminal is a single pulse which varies from 600uS to 1600uS depending upon the setting of the encoder channel potentiometer.
A normal servo has three wires; Black, Red and White. Black is negative, Red is +6vDC and the white is the pulse input from the receiver. Servo's normally draw 300mA to 500mA which may disturb the recever. If this is the case then feed the +DC supply to the servo via a 10 ohm resistor and feed the receiver +DC supply via a diode and connect a 470uF accross the receiver supply.

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